With the median condo price increasing from $456,500 (April 2017) to $690,000 (April 2018), based on HBR’s local market stats for Ala Moana-Kaka’ako, it’s no wonder that many first time home buyers find themselves watching from the sidelines.
As Howard Hughes is getting ready to release the reserved housing units for their new development project A’ali’i, I attended one of their seminars to learn more about how to qualify for a purchase, and I am pleased to share that information. Click here for a downloadable version of all the information below.
Reserved Housing vs. Affordable Housing
- Reserved housing and affordable housing are similar but managed by different state organizations. reserved housing is run by HCDA (Hawaii Community Development Authority) whereas affordable is run by HHFDC (Hawaii Housing Finance and Development Corporation).
- Period of residing in the unit: reserved housing (HCDA) has 2, 5, or 10 year periods whereas affordable housing (HHFDC) is 10 years. A’ali’i in Ward Village will only be using 2 or 5 years.
Why Reserved Housing?
Any new development asking for:
- Zone change
- Increased density
- Maximum height variations
Must set aside at least 20% of units to go towards reserved or affordable housing.
Those units are reserved for households making 80-140% of the area median income (AMI).
From their website:
“The Hawai‘i Community Development Authority (HCDA) is a public entity created by the Hawai‘i State Legislature to establish community development plans in community development districts; determine community development programs; and cooperate with private enterprise and the various components of federal, state, and county governments to bring community development plans to fruition. The Authority’s work should result in economic and social opportunities and aim to meet the highest needs and aspirations of Hawai‘i’s people.”
The HCDA also oversees Kaka’ako Housing Projects.
- Market Driven Regular Sales
- 80% – 140% of Area Median Income (AMI) Reserved Housing
- < 60% of AMI Low Income (Rental)
- < 30% of AMI Very Low Income (Rental)
What is Reserved Housing?
Using Howard Hughes – A’ali’i project as an example:
- Allows eligible purchasers to buy at BELOW market prices
- Lower down payment (10%)
- Gift funds and co-signers can provide support to eligible purchasers
- Must be eligible under HCDA guidelines
- Must qualify for a loan
- Studio: 1-2 people
- 1 Bedroom: 1-3 people
- Is a citizen of the United States or a resident alien;
- Is a bona fide resident of the State;
- Is at least of legal age;
- Does not have a majority interest in a principal residence or a beneficial interest in a land trust on a principal residence within or without the State for a period of three years immediately prior to the date of application for a reserved housing unit;
- If married, whose spouse does not have a majority interest, in a principal residence or a beneficial interest in a land trust on a principal residence within or without the State for a period of three years immediately prior to the date of application for a reserved housing unit;
- Shall be the owner and occupant of the reserved housing unit; and
- Has never before purchased a reserved housing unit.
HCDA Asset Verification
125% Assets Limits (2018 Maximum)
- 1 person $117,625
- 2 people $134,375
- 3 people $151,188
Included Under Assets
- Real and personal property at fair market value (CDs, stocks, mutual funds)
Excluded Under Assets
- Retirement accounts (401K, IRA, Life Insurance)
HCDA Income Verification
140% AMI (2018 Maximum)
- 1 person: $94,100
- 2 people: $107,500
- 3 people: $120,950
Assistance to Qualify
- Can be any person
- Loan application and income verification from co-signer
- Cannot be on title
B) Gift Letter (for down payment)
- Must be from a relative
- No limit
- Cannot be on title
- Cannot be cash transfer to applicant (verify guidelines)
HCDA Buyback & Shared Equity Guidelines
- Eligible Purchasers can buy below market value for a regulated term of 2 or 5 years
- If elect to sell prior to regulated term, HCDA has first option to buy
- HCDA will resell to another eligible purchaser
- At the time of the sale, buyer will pay HCDA shared equity (market price less reserved
- HCDA uses these funds to subsidize other affordable projects
Reserved Housing price for a home: $400,000
Original Appraised value for a home: $500,000
Shared equity equals: $100,000
Home sells later for: $600,000
HCDA keeps $100,000 / Seller keeps $100,000
The Pool at the ‘A’ali’i
Howard Hughes – A’ali’i
Total of 60 podium studios and 90 tower one bedrooms for Reserved Housing.
Project Lenders that buyers must use for pre-qualification letter:
- Honolulu Home Loans
- Bank of Hawaii
- First Hawaiian Bank
Provide lenders with:
- 3 years of tax returns (2017, 2016, and 2015)
- Pay stubs
- Verification of assets
- And any gift letter with verification of funds (if receiving assistance with the down payment)
Units offered by lottery (may change).
Additional Resources and Acknowledgements
HHFDC is the other state agency used for affordable housing.
HCDA is more generous in establishing AMI.
This presentation was compiled with material from a Howard Hughes Reserved Housing Seminar and
with the assistance of Jonathan TL Pang (R), RB-22025 Aalii New Home Ambassador | Ward Village